Kubernetes– Jenkins deployment on kubernetes
Kubernetes (K8s) is an open-source tool for automating the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications.
Kubernetes clusters add a new automation layer to Jenkins. Kubernetes ensures that resources are used effectively and that your servers and underlying infrastructure are not overloaded. Kubernetes’ ability to orchestrate container deployments ensures that Jenkins always has the right amount of resources available.
Hosting Jenkins on a Kubernetes cluster is beneficial for Kubernetes-based deployments. Here, we go through the step-by-step process to install Jenkins on a Kubernetes cluster.
Read Also – Kubernetes Architecture and core Components
- Make sure you have a Kubernetes cluster running (you can refer to a tool like Minikube, GKE, AKS or any other Kubernetes service).
kubectlfor managing Kubernetes resources.
- Basic understanding of Docker containers and Kubernetes concepts.
Create a Kubernetes Cluster with minikube –
Minikube is a tool that creates a single-node Kubernetes cluster on your machine. If you don’t have a Kubernetes cluster running, follow these steps:
$ Install kubectl
$ Install minikube
- You can now start minikube y entering the following command:
$minikube start $minikube status
Getting Set Up for Jenkins
- Create a namespace that allows you to segregate Jenkins objects within the Kubernetes cluster.
- Create a PersistentVolume to store your Jenkins data. This will preserve data across restarts.
- Create a file called jenkins-namespace.yaml
# jenkins-namespace.yaml apiVersion: v1 kind: Namespace metadata: name: jenkins
This YAML defines a Kubernetes namespace named “jenkins.”
- Save the changes in
O, then press
Enterto confirm the file name, and exit by pressing
- Apply the namespace configuration to create the namespace in your Kubernetes cluster:
$kubectl apply -f jenkins-namespace.yaml
apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: jenkins-deployment namespace: jenkins spec: replicas: 1 # Adjust the number of replicas as needed selector: matchLabels: app: jenkins template: metadata: labels: app: jenkins spec: containers: - name: jenkins-container image: jenkins/jenkins:latest # Use the Jenkins Docker image ports: - containerPort: 8080 # Expose the default Jenkins port - containerPort: 50000 # Expose the port for Jenkins agents
$kubectl create -f jenkins-deployment.yaml
Inside the nano editor, add the following content for the Jenkins Service: # jenkins-service.yaml apiVersion: v1 kind: Service metadata: name: jenkins-service namespace: jenkins # Make sure to set the namespace to the one you've created spec: selector: app: jenkins ports: - protocol: TCP port: 8080 targetPort: 8080 type: NodePort Save the changes in nano by pressing Ctrl + O, then press Enter to confirm the file name, and exit by pressing Ctrl + Xkubectl apply -f jenkins-service.yaml
$kubectl apply -f jenkins-service.yaml
apiVersion: v1 kind: ConfigMap metadata: name: jenkins-configmap namespace: jenkins data: key1: value1 key2: value2 key3: value3
$kubectl create -f jenkins-configmap.yaml
$kubectl get pods -n jenkins
$kubectl logs jenkins-deployment-74bd32df-tmxj4 -n jenkins
Replace jenkins-deployment-74bd32df-tmxj4 with the actual name of your Jenkins pod
copy that password and paste it on Administrator Password.
$kubectl get services -n jenkins
NAME TYPE CLUSTER-IP EXTERNAL-IP PORT(S) AGE
jenkins NodePort 10.103.31.217 <none> 8080:30148/TCP 59s
Access Jenkins dashboard
So now we have created a deployment and service, how do we access Jenkins?
From the above output we can see that the service is exposed on port 32664. We also know that since the service is of type NodeType the service will send requests to any node on this port to the Jenkins pod. All that remains for us is to determine the IP address of the Minicube VM. Minikube makes this really easy by including a specific command that outputs the IP address of the current cluster:
Go to browzer and search
You will be redirected to a page offering suggested plugins to install. After that, click on “Install recommended plugins”. Please note that if users want to install only selected essential plugins, it is recommended to select the “Select plugins to install” option.
After clicking on the suggested plugin button, the standard plugin installation will be started automatically
Finally, after installation of all suggested plugins, you will be redirected to the User Account Page
Enter the username, new password that you want to keep. Confirm password, full name, email address and click “Save and Continue” button. You can select the option “Skip and continue as administrator” next to the “Save and continue” button and in this case, you need to keep the password you put in the previous steps. It is recommended that you need to enter a new password of your choice.
After clicking, you will be redirected to a new screen that will display a message like “Jenkins is Ready”. Now click on the “Start using Jenkins” button.
After clicking on the “Start using Jenkins ” button, you will be redirected to the